Saturday, January 5, 2013

A short History of Union Council Birote, a grevity point of Circle Bakote

روزنامہ آئینہ جہاں اسلام اباد، 11اکتوبر2015
Birote is a far east and southern Union Council in the proposed Tehsil Circle Bakote or Sarkal Bakkot[1] area of Abbottabad District in Pakistan, between the borders of Punjab and Kashmir. It has two higher secondary schools for boys, five religious schools, 75 mosques, with the highest 100% literacy rate and twelve Doctor of Philosophy (PhD),[2] a bank, a post office, a telephone exchange, four telephone towers, three Chairlifts,[3] Islamabad Srinagar Kashmir Highway, Upper Dewal Kohala Road and New Kohala Bridge.[4] It is part of Hazara Division with third highest peack Mukeshpuri[5] and the lowest place Manwan ni hell in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (Ex NWFP) Province. 

Dr. Simon of the UK Institute for Social & Environmental Transactions, DG Watson ERRA Zaheer Ud Deen Gardezi and others visit Berote on 3rd of March, 2014 as they launch a project focusing on an impact study of those areas in Pakistan affected by earthquakes


There are several theories about the origin of the word Birote, all of which are based on combinations of words in the Dhondi language.[6] The Dhondi language is a derivation of the language that was spoken in Birote and Circle Bakote before the dawn of Islam by the Kethwal, Satties, and Karhals tribes.[7] One theory holds that it is derived from beer (wrestler) and wet (place); in the past, Birote was famous for wrestling and related sports. These eventually evolved to become Bi+rote or bee+rote. Another explanation is that Birote is a combination of bee (twenty) and rote(bread).


The total population of Birote is 23,000 (1998 census).[8] The main ethnic tribe of the area is Dhond Abbasi, Lahrals sub-tribes, Khanals in Termuthin and Lahoor, Nakodrals in Kau and Bhan, Chingsal in Birote, Basian, Julial, Sulial, Huteri and Hotrool, Mojwals in Morha and Nakar Mojwal. The Dhond Abbasi tribe has been a feudal and ruling tribe in the area for five centuries. The founder of the Dhond tribe of Birote was Lahr Khan, who died in 1233 and is buried in Sunblanean, Termuthean. Other tribal groups in the area include Alvi Awan,[9] Syeds, Mughals, and Bhati Rajpoot.


Birote is surrounded by the areas of Bakote, Nathia Gali, Ayube Reala, and the Union Council of Dewal Sharif in Murree Tehsil. It is located on the banks of the Jhelum River. The highest place in Birote is the peak, called Samannat, of Mukeshpuri mountain,[10] located approximately 90 kilometres north of Islamabad. Mukeshpuri is 2800m / 9100 feet high and covered with pine trees. It is an attractive hiking place for tourists but, in winter, is extremely inhospitable due to constant snow cover. Manwan ni hell is the lowest place in Birote. It is located on the right bank of the Jhelum River, just next to Basian, at the provincial borders of the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Punjab, and Azad Kashmir.

Weather's and agriculture based economy in Birote

There are full four seasons in Birote and Circle Bakote, spring starts in April with flowering on trees, summer in the end of June, autumn in October and finaly winter starts her chill in December with rain and snowfall till end of February. Rainfall as same as Murree or Islamabad, the capital of Islamic Republic of Pakistan and Muzaffarabad, the capital of Azad Kashmir. Heavy rainfall accure every year in July/August, which causes landslides and flood in River Jhelum and other adjoining nullas. Drought come in a year in Union Council Birote if raining season or sawan leave dry. There were a agriculture producing region in Circle Bakote but these agri traditions vanished after 1970 with new means of services and sources of incom. Professionals, skilled and non skilled labour went to Middle East as well as Gulf countries caused barraned of agri and pady feild. All 16 Jander water flour mills at Jandran Ni Dhairi (7 Janders), Lohwer (three Janders), Kels Basian (4 janders) and Hotrol/Bhan Kass (two Janders) were in Birote Khurd running 24 hours, seven days a week all the year, now converted in to dilapdated places. All grains including wheat, corn, cane, rice as well as vegetables and fruits were producing in Birote while people of Birote depend on import of food items from Punjab especially Rawalpindi now.

Islamic Expedition.....First Juma Prayer in Birote

Hazrat (Amir Kabir) Shah Ali Hamdan arrived in Kohsar in mid of 12th century and Kethwal Rajpoot tribe embracesed Islam before him. Hadhrat Molana Mian Pir Fakir-u-llah Bakoti Usmani[11] came in Kohsar in 1880 and released a Verdict about Juma Prayers seven years before in 1873. He started Juma prayers in Khooas Masjid Central Birote in 1908. He performed duties as Imam in Ghosia Masjid Baglotian during 1980-90 and Khooas in 1990-10. He had been living and got married there more than 30 years. [12]


Birote has forty primary schools, and two higher secondary schools (one for boys and the other for girls). It also has a bank, a post office, and a telephone exchange of 30,000 lines.

There are two roads that link Birote to the rest of the country; the Kashmir Highway and the Upper Dewal Kohala Road, also known as Khaqan Abbasi Road. Other roads linked with Birote are Swar Gali Bakote Road, Basian Malkote Road and Basian Bakote Road, Choorean Lower Dewal Road, Termuthean Malkote Road, and the newly-built Termuthean Lower Dewal Road.

Bus service on the Rawalpindi-Srinagar Road started in the 1900s (decade). The first transporter was Mohammad Amin Khan, who later founded Allied Chiraghddin Transport Company. Srinagar Rawalpindi Transport Company was also pioneered on this route.


In 1961, the Ayub Khan administration, as part its local government reforms, replaced the Namberdari system with local bodies namely: Union Councils, Tehsil Councils, and district councils. As a result, the Union Council of Bakote was formed and included Bakote, Birote and Birote Khurd as its wards. According to the 1961 census the population of Bakote Union Council was 18,000 and Birote's was 10,000. In 1981, General Zia implemented a new regime and in 2000, President General Pervez Musharraf enforced a new local bodies system. The current nazim of Birote is Mohammed Afaq Abbasi.

Birote in Numberdari System of British rule

The British who goverened India in 1857, introduced a Numerdari System as a local body system in Pakistan and eliminated old Diwan System that was in time of Mughals and other emperors in India. Numberdar must be reliable and a loyal person of a village. He was an intelligence man who was in interaction with his local police station, tehsil and district administration. He was also a serviceman of his village jurisdiction and final authority of attestation of land transferring to one to other. He was responsible of law and order situation, registration of new births and death. He was head of four safaidposhes (White Wearers) and six watchmen of his village. There were many Numberdars in Birote with full authorities and honor by their government since 1962. It is very stranged that all Numberdars belongd to Central Birote but not other area from Knair Pull to Punjab Khyber Pekhtoonkhawa provincial border in North to South and from River Jhelum to Mokeshpori in East and West. <Read More>
Birote in national and provincial political system                                                                                                                                                                      

Birote was part of NWFP Legislative Assembly constituency no 05, eastern Abbottabad before Pakistan Freedom. Abdurahman Khan of Lora was first Representative in Provincial Assembly in first election in 1946 as a candidate of Muslim League. Hazrat Molana Mian Pir Atiqullah Bakoti Usmani, the younger son of Hazrat Molana Miayan Pir Faqirullah Bakoti Usmani was the first member of NWFP Legislative Assembly (MLA) in first countrywide election in 1952 from Circle Bakote. His only political opponent was Sardar Hasan Ali Khan of UC Boi at that time but lost his candidature seat forever. Birote was base camp of his election. In 1970 election, Birote was an integral part of NW-7, Hazara III, In 1977 election, it was NA-12, Abbottabad one whilr NA-11, Abbottabad one, NA-17, Abbottabad one in 1998 and NA-36 and PF-$5 Abbottabad one in 2002. Sardar Mehtab Ahmed Khan is PML (N) front line leader and ex premiership candidate MNA from NA-17 and MPA is his younger son Shamoon Yar Khan. Jamaet e Islami is an opponent of PML(N) in this are as Habeeb u Rehman Abbasi is candidate of NA-17 while Saeed Ahmed Abbasi is candidate of PK-45. <Read More>

Geographical composition of Birote

Birote is the last Union Council of KPK in South Eastern border of Kashmir and Punjab. Birote is situated in between of Dewal, Bakote in South and North while District Bagh of Azad Kashmir and Natheagali in East and West. Birote is also a composition of more than one dozen villages.


Kahoo is in between Birote and Termuthean, starting from Bandi in east to Nakkar Qutbal and Ram Kot in the west. Kahoo means Olive tree in local Dhondi/Kareali language. Sufi Gull Baba shrine is located in the eastern edge of Kahoo, near Ayubia forest. First lawyer from this area was Tahir Faraz Abbasi & the first Accountant General of Pakistan Mohammad Sarfraz Khan belonged to Kahoo.Muhammad Suleman Abbasi s/o Said Akbar Khan was the first graduate/M Fazil from this village,he for the very first time in the history started a School In Birote Kalan at Loower.


Termuthean is the last soutern ent of Union Council Birote. It setuated on Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Punjab provencial border 10 KM north from Murree City. This border was created by Hathi Khan, a ruler of Gakhars Keani dynesty near about 16th century, that remain in Sikh, British rulers and at last Pakistan after independance of 1947. Termuthean means Thirty Hands Joined in local language. Former name of Termuthean was Sumblanean, where ancestor of Lahrals, sub tribe of Dhonds Sardar Lahr Khan buried.

  • Some people are highly educated and work in the Middle East, Europe, USA, Australia and Canada.
  • In Terumuthian three primary schools.
  • One middle school, a bank but not operated and cancelled.
  • The major sub-tribes of Dhond abbasi is Khanals, Nawabals, and Lashkariyals. Others are Bukhari Sadat, Dhneayals, Gujars and Awans.


Basian is the end of Union Council Birote towards northern side of the Hazara Division. New Kohala Bridge, famous Pir Mohrhwi Built Knair Pull is situated in northern end of Abbasian too. Abbasian is a famous place for centuries. Historians as Seyed Mehmood Azad, Noor Alahi Abbasi and Professor Karam Haideri written about it in their books on genealogy basis.

Village Abbasian and independence movement of Kashmir

Basian had become a base camp of Jihad e Kashmir after World War II and acted a positive and constructive role in Kashmir Indepance. Famous freedom fighters of Abbasian emerged as bacon of light for Mujahedins against Dogra Raj in Kashmir. Some important events are as under: –

  • 14 August 1947. Juma tul widah (Muslim holy month Ramadan last Friday) prayers in Abbasian, and Yaqoob Khan emergency telegram to last Maharaja of Kashmir Hari Sing to quiet Srinagar.
  • 30 August 1947. Sardar Abdul Qayoum Khan declared as insurgent and ordered his arrest alive or dead. He crossed River Jhelum by the help of Qaem Ali Khan (Qaloo) at Nawli in Lower Birote.
  • 12 September 1947. Sardar Abdul Qayoum Khan held a meeting at Agency Ground Murree where Peoples of Abbasin announced every kind of co-operation with Muslim Conference in Kashmir Independence movement.
  • 22 September 1947. Mujahedins under the commandership of Isab Khan first encounter with Dogra Army at Kohala Bridge and occupied Kohala Bazaar after one day struggle, 30 Dogra troops arrested by Mujahedins.
  • 6 October 1947. A meeting of Mujahedins held at the residence of Haji Abdul Karim Khan Abbasi where a Muslim Magistrate Sultan Maqsood announced for supply of ammunition to Mujahedins.
  • 8 October 1947. Another meeting of Mujahedins and Sardar Abdul Qayuom Khan held in the same place and finalised the attack plan over District Bagh. Molana Muzaffer Husain Nadvi, Pir Ali Asgher Shah, Shamshad Shah, Kabir Shah, Haji Abdul Karim Khan Abbasi, Molana Yaqoob Alvi Birotvi, Haji Isb Khan and other people attended this meeting.
  • 17 October 1947. Mujahedins attacked on the house of Gokal Chand at Helsurang, Munhasa leaded by peoples of Abbasian. A few troops killed. They also occupied Khwader Bridge on same day.
  • 21 October 1947. Mujahedins attacked and accopid Muzaffarabad city and killed five hundred Dogra troops.
  • 9 November 1947. Mujahedin occupied Rawalakot, forwarded to Tolipir, attacked on Dogra Army at Sahr, freed 24 hostages there.
  • 11 December 1947. A deadline of attack on Srinager finalised in a secret meeting at Basian presided by Haji Abdul Karim Khan Abbasi of Bunni Pandi (Head of Anwal Brotheri).
  • April 1948. Central Command and control Room established at residence at Lower Birote Roshan Khan residence.
  • Mid-May 1948. Dogra troops hostages caravan of Kashmiri refugees on Kohala Bridge. Peoples of Abbasian kidnapped a Dogra Army Captain and hanged in center of bridge and set deadline to open bridge in ten minutes against Campton life. Dogra Army fulfilled the demand immediately and five thousand refugees crossed bridge and intered in Bakote Circle and Murree Hills.


Kanair (كنير)is a nullah between Birote Kalan and Birote Khurd [1] and running more than ten millennia. This nullah played a main role in the construction old Birote Society. Many families belonged to working class were living on the right edge of Kanair nullah. They were running water mills. A tribe called Rakheal(راخيال) or guards of Birote also lived there. Word Kanair is derived from the name of a botanical herbal plant used in Auo-vadic medicines.[15]


Mohrh(موهره)a is a word means a small adjoining place of a town. Other words are used in this meanings are Hel. Mohrha is situated in central Birote Khurd that damaged by a large landslide beneath it. Sarwar Abbasi Naib .Nazim UC birote also live in mohara. He also belong well reputed business family .he is also member of tehsil council abbottabad. On UC first and last head Qazi Sajawal was elected as chairman in 1992. People of Mohrha largely businessmen and settled in Kashmir, Rawalpindi and Karachi.


There are two Nakkers in Birote Khurd, on is Qutbal and other is Mojwal. Nakker means a sharpest place in hilly areas.

Nakker Qutbal

This Nakker (نكرقطبال)i s placed at south west of UC Birote, UC Malkote is in south and Khanaspure Ayoubia in west. This Nakker is on the name of Qutab Khan, a son of Rattan Khan. The population of Nakker Qutbal is more than three thousands.most of these people have left and live in pirwadhai rawalpindi after the earthquake. Micronations as Dhond Abbasi and Satties, Awans and some Kethwals are living there with hospitality and harmony. A large forest Kandaran full of herbal plants and wild life is also there. Muslim saint Gull Baba passed his last day in this forest and buried there when he breathed last.famous trader in Karachi Imteaz abbasi jamil ahmed abbasi advocate and gul rehman abbasi famous political worker belonged to Qutbal sub-tribe of this Nakker. First water mill was constructed in Nakker Qutbal in the 15th century at Jandran ni Dheri.

Nakker Mojwal

Moj Khan (موج خان ) was an ancestor of the Mojwal sub-tribe of this Nakker, so the name is derived from this personality of old time. He was a feudal lord of 16th century and possessed land from the peak of Moshpuri to Kanair in east and west and from Lohwer Nulla to Hotrole Nullah as south and north. More than two thousand descendants of Moj Khan live there. Mojwals are living in Basian and central Bakote also. Other parts of Nakker Mojwal (نكر موجوال) are Hotrerhi, Moni dhari and Narhi Hoter.


Hotrole(هوثرول)is possessed by Birote Kalan Hajeal and Dhereal sub-tribes in the 16th century from Karhrals. Hotrole means paddy fields and cultivated for centuries but downfall of area started when a large landslide gutted Petlan ni Hell, south of Hotrole in 1942. Only some dozen people are living there now. All people migrated in Birote Kalan. Most populated parts of Hotrol are Sangrerhi and Narhi Hoter.

Agreement between people of Hotrole and Birote Kalan

A water supply scheme donated by a Peshawer based NGO BEST by efforts of Brgd (R) Musaddiq Abbasi[16] completed construction from Hotrole to Birote Kalan, while ex nazim Birote Tahir Fraz Abbasi get stay order from court. This situation created very tension between Birote Kalan and Hotrole but solved. A meeting was called on 20 July 2009 in Union Council by nazim Afaq Abbasi and signed an agreement between Hotrole and Birote Kalan than construction is completed in last week of November 2009. <Read More>


Bhan (بهن ) means a pond of water, but there are no ponds near the jungle. The northmost part of UC Birote is inhabited by Nikodral sub-tribe, with some Awans and Seyed families also living there. Renowned advertising boss of Circle Bakote Kalim Abbasi belong to this area. Mostly people are transporters and drivers working in Karachi. Some Awan families migrated to Bhara Kahoo near Islamabad. A jeep able link road was constructed in Mehtab era. Population of Bhan is one thousand and five hundred only. Other part of area is Chlotean and very beautiful.


Birote is a relatively well educated Union Council with a population of 30,000, it has two higher secondary schools, two middle schools, 58 primary and mosque schools and more than one dozen religious institutions. The traditional religious education by the religious scholars and teachers of this area has for centuries been influenced by the older Vedic tradition. The old society of Circle Bakote was disturbed by the Sikh invasion in the first decade of the 19th century and all of the old religious families were expelled from this area. This led to a loss of educational environment that affected the individual names of both sexes because Sikh soldiers destroyed the local human values as well as culture. This continued until the downfall of Sikh Army in Rawalpindi, Haripur and Hazara Division. The local people initially welcomed British Rule instead of Sikhashai but also fought War of Independence against them in 1857 and paid a huge loss of lives and properties. <Read More>

Early educational institutes

British Government stepped forward to modernise Murree Hills and Circle Bakote according to recommendation of General Sir James Abbott (founder of Abbottabad city and chief of Boundary Commission in 1846 −62). He recommended his officials that only Zimindari school needed to provide clerks, revenue staff and lower class local servants. The Osia High School is a first educational institute that established this area in 1887. The first Vernacular Primary School established in Bakote, Khanaspore/Reala and Boi in 1898 but with the lack of interest Reala School came on the verge of close down. Chiefs of Birote take serious notice of mentioned position and a caravan under the leadership of Haji Qalander Khan met educational authorities and requested to shift this school to Birote. They offered to provide buildings and teachers accommodation free of cost. This request of Birotians accepted and Reala Vernacular Primary School shifted to Birote in March 1902, the first teacher was Molana Mohammed Ismail Alvi, first student was Nazar Mohammed Khan (Fatherer of Raja Haiderzaman).There are half dozen private schools, collages and academies are also existed in Birote since 1985.

Primary to Boys Higher Secondary School Birote, an evolutionary choronology

Vernicular Primary School Reayala (Union Council Palak now) was the first British Government gift for Circle Bakote people in 1898 but did not produced any student till 1904. NWFP Education Department decided to shut down this institution but degnatories as Wali Ahmed Khan, Ali Merd Khan, Abdul Kareem Khan, Mir Haider Khan, Sardar Ameer Khan, Shair Dil Khan,Mehmood Khan, Lakhi Zaman Khan, Mian Mohammed Ji Alvi and other met with Capton C P Thomson, Dupty Comisioner Hazara in Abbottabad and requested him for shifting of school in Birote, offered two building and local teaching staff. He accepted their offer and Vernacular Primary School Reayala to two buildings owned by Mohammed Hasan Khan and Abdul Kareem Khan at Baglotian, Central Birote.

  • The first Head Teacher of Vernacular Primary School Birote was Molana Mian Mohammed Ismaeel Alvi, Second teacher was Seyed Fazal Husain Shah and Sardar Mahna Sing.
  • The first badge of twenty students enrolled in school was Sardar Nazar Mohammed Khan, Numberdar Mohammed Feroz Khan, Ali Akber Khan, Kala Khan, Sardar Ahmed Ali Khan, Mohammed Ibraheem Alvi, Noor Husain Alvi and others.
  • School upgraded as Middle in 1958 and first head Master was Ali Haider Khan of Basian.
  • Middle School building completed before winter of 1964 and middle school classes shifted in April 1964 in new building.
  • The land for school donated by elders of Khanals and Nikodrals of Kahoo East with possession rights to Education Department of NWFP and administration of Union Council Birote in 1963.
  • Middle school Birote further upgraded[17] by NWFP Education Department on first July 1971.
  • First Head Master of High school Birote was Shafiq u Rehman of Kokal Bersin, Havailian appointed in June 1971.
  • Admission in metric class open in July 1971 and first student from Birote in 9th class was Mohammed Pervaiz son of Taj Mohammed of Lamyan Larhan..
  • School Hostel has constructed for non-local students in 1978 by a local contractor. After Earthquake, hostel was declared as school building for one year.
  • Ex Chief Minister of NWFP Mehtab Ahmed Khan further upgraded this educational institution as Higher Secondary School in 1997.
  • First Principal of Higher Secondary School Birote was Imteaz Ahmed Abbasi of Hell, Termuthean.
  • New building of School has constructed by contractor Raja Haiderzaman Abbasi with cost of Rs. four million and eight thousand as gift to all Birotians from Sardar Mehtab Ahmed Khan, the CM of NWFP in 1997.
  • Earthquake of 8 October 2005 damaged school old building and classes shifted to new constructed building in 2006.
  • Higher Secondary School victimized by science teaching staff, science laboratory and becoming an arts students producing institution.
  • Old damaged building is become controversial in old land lords and they claimed as their own property without transferring of right because last Union Council has lost the document of school property. New building on old site also late and no funds allocated for school building till now.
  • [18] (elder brother of ex Nazim Afaq Abbasi) won first position in Metric examination in 1976 and never beat him till now in school.
  • Lawers Sajjad Abbasi, Shuaib Abbasi, Dr. Israr Abbasi, Scientist in NASA Nisar Abbasi, journalists Mohammed Obaidullah Alvi, Fida Abbasi, Sajjad Abbasi, Talib Abbasi, Pakistan Muslim League (N) local leaders Iftekhar Abbasi and ex Nazim Afaq Abbasi, Amir Jamaat-e-Islami district Abbottabad Saeed Ahmed Abbasi, Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf local leaders Tahir Amin Abbasi, Abid Ali Abbasi and Nazim Tanzeem-e-Islami Khalid Abbasi and many more bright stars are also products of this school.

Girls Higher Secondary School Birote

The prestigious and history maker ladies educational institute is Girls Higher Secondary School Birote which serving since more than one century and educated seven female generations. People of Birote were holding very bright vision about female education and they achieved a female institution on their demand in 1910.
  • Girls Primary Secondary School Birote first established in Kahoo East till World War one.
  • School shifted in a new constructed house of Sardar Mohammed Irfan Khan, first Chairman of united Union Council Bakote in 1921 at Phagwarhi na Bagla (In between first Salfia Masjid and Zoaq Akhter Abbasi shop now) in Birote.
  • The first Head Teacher was Ajaeb Bibi, belonged to Qureshi tribe of Kahoo East and daughter in law of Alvi Awan of Birote.
  • School remained open there till 1982 and then shifted in Serorha, Central Birote.
  • New building of school constrected at Dehra, Kahoo East in 1992 and shifted school same year.
  • Sardar Mehtab Ahmed Khan (Ex CM NWFP) declared this educational institution as Higher Secondary School in 2008, first first year class started in 2009.
  • First lady Principal of Girls Higher Secondary School Birote is Farrukh Bibi, grand daughter of first head teacher Ajaeb Bibi, till serving.
  • School completely destroyed in 2005 earthquake and classes held in chilled and the hottest seasons all year in open air.
  • School shifted in Zoaq Akhter Abbasi house in 2010 and re shifted in old site in 2011.
  • School shifted Termuthean in Mid 2011 last time.
  • This site of school ruined in 2005 earthquake but not reconstructed till now. Higher Secondary School Birote is in open air in Termuthean currently.
  • Famous ladies who won reputation in different fields are Sakina Aapa Ji, Farukh Bibi, lady councilors Shameem Akhter, Ibarat Bibi and others studens of this school.
  • There are no chance of Girls and Boys Higher Secondary Schools' Reconstruction in Birote
Modern education

In last decade of 18th century, Seyed Masoom Ali Shah of Juleal, Birote introduced a mobile private school in Birote and all first batch of teachers were provided by him in 1902. After his mission in the 1980s, Bashir Abbasi of UC Bakot established Yasin Public School in Birote first time. Saeed Ahmed Abbasi, Amir Jamat e Islami had founded Seyed Ahmed Shaheed Academy in Central Birote in 1984 and changed into a chain of schools. It was a milestone of modern education in Birote and it create a religio-modern and political thoughts in student's minds. A new way of learning and with modern Western syllabus introduced by SEEDA School System in 2001 in Birote and gained a high popularity among educated parents of students. The owner of this school is also a high educated fellow named Iftekhar Abbasi,[19] an ex-employee of Seyed Ahmed Shaheed Academy and now he established two campuses with co-operation of his elder brother, Minjah model school is also a popular institute,it is a combination of Islamic and modern education.Head of Minhaj model school Muhammad Munib abbasi is educated and most popular person. Other modern institutions of Birote are Suddam Model School and Aeries Model School. Another new educational institute is Iqra Academy School the owner of this school is Anser Mehmood Abbasi school located in sehrora Birote and a religious school Jamia Ali-ul Murtaza in khohuti, northern Birote. Latest arrival of educational institution in Birote is Greenland Public School at Choorean, Kahoo East by Liaqat Abbasi of Rewat, Murree in 2011. There are no technical College, any University or any professional institute in Birote or whole Circle Bakote. An Information Technology center opened near Post Office Birote with collaboration of an NGO from Islamabad in 2011.

PhD Laureates of Birote

Union Council Birote is a land of 100% educated people and there are ten PhD leurates there. Some of them gained the highest academic degree from foreign universities as Al-Azher Egypt and Mulbern University Australia.
  • Dr Tahira Haroon is step granddaughter of Pir Faqirullah Bakoti Usmani in Birote and she had awarded PhD degree in Mathematics from Quaid-i-Azam University Islamabad in 1999.
  • Muddasir Hussain Abbasi is also a laureate of PhD in Al-Azhar University Cairo, Egypt. The topic of his research is contribution of Abbasid caliphates in Islamic jurisprudence. His research in progress and will complete with in next one year. His father name is Muhammad Ilmas Abbasi of Kohote Birote. He has done his Matric from Syed Ahmad Shaheed Academy and than he did his masters in Arabic from Minhaj University, Lahore. He also completed Al Shahada Tul Al Islamia from same university.[20] (To be continued......)

Hakeem, Homeopathic and MBBS Doctors of Birote

Herbal doctors were treated people of Kohsar in past but there are two homeopathic and MBBS doctors existing in Birote.
  • Hakeem Qazi Zafeer ul haq Alvi Chishti was renowned Hakeem of Thala Basian, Birote. He was personal physician of Ex President Genral Zea ul Haq. His clinic was on Jama Masjid Road Rawalpindi named Jadeed Chishtea Dawakhana. This clinic is operating by his younger son Qazi Ikram ul Haq Alvi. He was teacher by profession during 1935-45 in Osia and Murree High Schools but resigned in 1945 and migrated Basian to Rawalpindi forever. He died in Rawalpindi in 1997.
  • Hakeem Abdushakoor Awan was also a helbel Hakeem in Akhorhan Bazar Birote during 1951 to 1968.
  • Dr. Malik Masoodu Rehman Alvi was a doctors in Akhorhan Bazar practiced more than thirty years. He was teacher in Murree areas schools. He died in 2008.
  • Dr. Ilayas Shah is first MBBS and experienced Doctor in Birote and gained MBBS degree from Jamshoro (Sindh) on AJK seat in 1987. He is Medical Officer in Basic Health Unit Birote since eight years.
  • Dr. Jawaid is an other Herbal doctor in Kahoo East, practicing as herbal doctor since twenty years. He is elder son of Qazi Wajahat and now teacher in GPS Kohala.
  • Dr. Yasir Awan belonged to Alvi Awan tribe of Birote and grand son of late Master Noor Alam Awan living in Termuthean. He is holder of Homeopathic degree and practicing in Shahpal Markt Birote as Homeopathic doctor since five years. Beside this a Sikh Khalsa Doctor also practicing in Lahoor, Birote Khurd since many years. (To be continued.......)

Hospitals in Birote

There are two basic health units, one in Maira,Birote Kalan near Government Higher Secondary School and second in Mohrha, Birote Khurd.

  • BHU Birote established with the grant of Rs. six million by Sardar Mehtab Ahmed Khan in 1995. Dr. Ilyas Shah is Medical Officer of BHU with four paramedicals and and 25 LHVs staff currently. Building of BHU is under construction and operations are going on temporarily in basement of Birote Central Masque.
  • BHU Birote Khurd was established two decades ago and it changed in to cenitorieum a few years ago. BHU Birote Khurd is full filling all medical needs of the people of area.

Embulence facility for the people of Birote

Brigadier (Retired) Musaddiq Abbasi, a director of NAB Islamabad has gifted an ambulance to people of Birote in 2010 with co-operation of a NGO of Peshawar. This ambulance is a wagon with all emergency facilities as oxygen etc, that can be provided urgently to a patient. Ambulance is in control of a Medical Committee headed by Ex General Councilor Zoaq Akhter Abbasi. One way charges of Rawalpindi or Islamabad medical tripe is Rs. 2,500 currently. <Read More>

Religious education

In Dravidian, Arian and than Kathwal civilisation, vedic education was taught in Mukeshpuri and Kohala Davi temples. Around 1400 AD under Hazrat Sha Ali Hamdan, Circle Bakote and Kathwal embraced Islam, donating in favour of Madrissas and mosques. This system was continued by Dhond Abbasies when they accompanied Circle Bakote and Murree Hills from Kathwals in 1500 AD. Dhond Abbasies offered religious scholars very handsome endowments after the downfall of the Gakherhs dynasty in 1800.

Religious families

There was Hindu rule at the time of victory by Mahmud of Ghazni in Kohsar.

Culture gradually changed gradually by invasion of Muslim communities.

Religious culture was in full swing until the 14th century when Shah Ali Hamdan came and preached here.
  • First mosque in Kohsar had no record but first mosque in Murree was built at Potha Sharif in 15th century and at Baglotian in Birote in 16th century.
  • All previous religious families ascaped from Kohsar during Sikh diturbance in 1800–25 and all new families came here after 1830.
  • First religious tribes of UC Birote who relaunced Islamic wisdom and religious education are Bukhari and Mashadi Syeds of Kahoo East, Termuthean and Birote, Alvi Awan of Central Birote, Qureshies of Birote Khurd and Jadoons of Basian.
  • First Friday Prayer was started by Hazrat Molana Pir Fakir-u-llah Bakoti Usmani in Khooas Masque, Birote in 1918.
  • First religious Madrisa was started by Molana Usman Abbasi at Kahoo Sharqi in 1990.

New Mosques and Maddaris

Two new mosques are inaugurated in Kahoo Sharqi and started Traweeh Prayers 26 August in 2009. Two new mosques are inaugurated in Kahoo Sharqi and started Traweeh Prayers. One is in Ali Abad (ex named Mounda) and second is in Bahk, near chair lift. Masques are full with Nimazies and Imams of the holy worshiped places are reciting Holy Quran in Traweeh Prayers with religious enthusiasm. Third masque is under construction in Central Birote near Mobilink Towers by General Councilor Zoaq Akhter Abbasi and completed in 2010. Currently Nimazies are engaged in Salat on first flour of mentioned GC’s shop. The first two masques belonged to Ahlus Sunnah wal Jamaah while third under construction masque is the property of Ahl-e-Hadith sect of Sunni Muslims. Besides these masques a shrine of Shia Seyed is also under construction at Termuthean, south part of UC Birote. People of Tarmuthean resisted against mentioned construction work. One is in Ali Abad (ex named Mounda) and second is in Bahk, near chair lift. Masques are full with Nimazies and Imams of the holy worshiped places are reciting Holy Quran in Prayers with religious enthusiasm. Third masque is completed in Central Birote near Mobilink Towers by General Councilor Zoaq Akhter Abbasi in 2010. Currently Nimazies are engaged in Salat on first flour of mentioned GC’s shop. The first two masques belonged to Ahl-e-Sunnat Wal Jamaat while third masque is the property of Ahl-e-Hadith sect of Sunni Muslims. Besides these masques a shrine of Shia Seyed is also under construction at Termuthean, south part of UC Birote. People of Tarmuthean resisted against mentioned construction work.

Urdu weekly newspapers of Circle Bakot

  • Fortnightly TERJUMAN was first newspaper of Birote from Karachi in 1973.
  • Weekly Hill Post Abbottabad is a rlibe in all areas of Circle Bakote.
  • Weekly Qumi Tashakhess Rawalpindi is second largest circulated weekly of Kohsar. Rukhtaj Abbasi of UC Phagwarhi is Chief editor of said weekly. This newspaper have very positive role in anti Didarism Movement in Kohsar during 2009-11. (Didarism is the same new fake faith as Ahura Mazda of old Persia that emerged by Didar Shah near Islamabad.)
  • Weekly Hill Star is third newspaper of Kohsar started by Saleem Barlas of Dehla, Murree. Renowned journalist, historian and anthropologist Mohammed Obaidullah Alvi and Ishteaq Abbasi, President of GCBUJ, are editors of Hill Star. This newspaper is neutral and covering all aspects of present time society, politics and all issues faced by people of Kohsar. This newspaper introduced new standerds and techniques in Kohsarian's journalism. It is very popular newspaper in all influential circles in politics, religio-speritual as well as social fields. Top highly educated and experienced respected journalist and writers are contributors of Weekly Hill Star.
  • Weekly Hill News is an other Wekly newspaper of Kohsar, founded by Allah Ditta Abbasi of Malkote and Mohammed Obaidullah Alvi in October 2004. This newspaper is the most popular weekly from Kohsar inside and outside of Circle Bakote, Murree Hills and Galyat especially in Islamabad, Rawalpindi and Karachi.

Journalists of Union Council Birote

  • First journalist of Birote who started the publication of first fortnightly TERJUMAN Karachi, was Ghulam Kibreya Abbasi (died in 1982) belonged to Khanal tribe of Kahoo East. His 16 pages paper was two color and read every where of Circle Bakote and Murree Hills in 1973–78.
  • Mohammed Obaidullah Alvi, senior journalist of Circle Bakote, founder of Weekly HILL POST (1985–2002), ex co-founder of Weekly Hill News (2004–09), Executive Editor Weekly Hill Star (2012) and Parliamentary Reporter of Daily News Mart Rawalpindi. He has served as tutor in Allama Iqbal Open University Islamabad (1992–2004), and lecturer of Journalism in Jamea Al-Rasheed Karachi (2006–9).
  • Ishteaq Ahmed Abbasi, Editor Weekly Hill Post (1996–2002). He served as Business Manager in Daily Sahafat and Daily Azkar Islamabad since two decades and in Daily Al Sharq Islamabad now. He is president and member of many social and welfare organizations in Islamabad, Rawalpindi and Circle Bakote.
  • Saeed Ahmed Abbasi published weekly Akhbar E Kohsar Karachi in 1985 and 1988.
  • Ata u Rehman Abbasi of Birote, published a Weekly Terjuman in testpaper size from Rawalpindi in 1996 but shut down after a few month.
  • Fida Abbasi and his younger brother Sajjad Abbasi of Kahu East, UC Birote entered in journalism profession in 1990. They are living in Karachi.
  • Kaleem Abbasi, living in Peshawar adopted Journalistic career in 1986, Shahid Abbasi of Birote Khurd in 1999.
  • Shakir Abbasi of Naker Mojwal, Birote Khurd join journalism in 2008.
  • Zafeer Abbasi is also media man from Birote.
  • All national professional journalists started their career from Karachi.
  • There were many students who preformed journalistic experiences during 1990–2000 decade. They published manuscriped newspapers on photostat named as Mektib, Zanjeer and Guldesta in Birote. These students never showed them in public.
  • Galyat Circle Bakote Union of Journalists [2] is a solo representative organisation of Circle Bakote journalists who are working with print media and electronic media in all over the Pakistan, established in 11 July 2004 at Government Higher Secondary School Birote. <Read More>

Poets and Authers of Birote

Birote literary history is very old but who recognized themselves are a few persons. Some of them are as named in near past and presnt are as under:- <Read More>

Poets and poetess

  • Molana Mian Mohammed Yaqoob Alvi Birotvi was a poet of Urdu, Arabic and Persian since 1924 to his death on 5 June 1985. He wrote thousands of grave apithapes in Circle Bakote beside a book NAGHMA E JIHAD. This book is unpublished but it is a master piece of Holy War (Jihad) of Kashmir. He was teacher, a scholar of Islam and a historian.
  • Iqbal Husain Shah Mukhlis Birotvi is also a well reputed poet of Birote. He taught in High School Birote more than two decade and retired in 2000. He migrated Mansehra in same year, established a private school in Shinkeari and satelled there now with his sons and grand sons. He wrote a book FIKR E FERDA during his prime age and published in 1998.
  • Molana Abdurhamn was teacher by profession and father of late Qazi Wajahat of Kahoo East. He was a great supporter of female education and wrote a booklet on this subject in 1922. His sister and grand mother of Ferrukh Bi Bi (Principal of GGHSS Birote) Ajaeb Bi was first Metroculate of Birote.
  • Molana Mufti Saeed U Rehamn Jadoon Qadri of Basian is also a poet of Union Council Birote. He expressed his views on religion, theosophy and current affair. His book may be printed in 2013.
  • Hedayat Khan, father of Dilkhurram Abbasi also wrote a poetry book in Punjabi language about his experience of World War Two as a British Indian Army personal. The book is in possession of Dilkhurram Abbasi but yet not published. He died in 2007.
  • The younger daughter of Molana Abdul Haq Jadon of Basian was Fakh Run Nisa Fakhri wife of Molana Mustafa Jadoon of Kherindi, Birote Khurd was the first poetess of Circle Bakote belonged to Basian also wrote a poetry book in Punjabi. She died in Rawalpindi in 2011. Farhat Jabeen Alvi is a nice of late Fakh Run Nisa Fakhri and first lady journalist not only Birote but also from Circle Bakote.

Historian and Ethnologists

  • Mohabbat H Awan[21] of Birote wrote the Bible of Alvi Awan Tribe named Tareekh E Alvi Aman. The other book is biography of Prophet Mohammed, Asan Nain Nabi Pak Hor the first book in the local Dhundi Languge, which won the Seerat Award in 2008. He is also author of more than one dozen book. He belonged to Noor Mohammadal sub tribe of Alvi Awan of Birote. He metriculated from Osia, MA and LLM in Sharea Law from Karachi University.
  • Naeem Abbasi[22] is the first pen man who wrote Dhund Abbasi Tribe history in 2011 among more than a hundred family trees. His book Jannat Say Oruj E Abbasia Tak is a detailed socio political account of 14 centuries of Hazrat Abbas's (Prophet Mohammed's Uncle) descendants in Circle Bakote, Murree Hills and Hazara Devision. Naeem Abbasi has done a very serious intellectual service after Noor Alahi Abbasi for his tribe but he cried continuously that his tribe men never encouraged or co-oprated with him. He printed more than 10,000 copies of book and all are stored with him. Those who bought his book never paid him till now.[23] Mohammed Obaidullah Alvi is also a journalist, historian and anthropologist who discovers Kohsar history since 5000 BC.

Sports in Birote

People of Birote are wrestlers from ancient days, a theory[citation needed] states that word Birote means "The Land of Wrestlers". There are many sports in Circle Bakote including Birote and Murree Hills, playing by boys, girls and younger people.

  • Itti Danda (Corn Cob)[24] is a popular game in all Kohsar region. 12 to 16 years old boys play this game with two are more team members any where in any field.
  • Chinjo (one leg jumping game) is the most popular game in under age girls and boys. (To be continued)

Crimes in Birote

Birote is a very peaceful area of Circle Bakote and crime rate is very low among other union councils of proposed Tehsil. Bakote Police Station receives only a few low level social complaints that solve on spot by Union Council Adjustment Body. Some historical crimes are paying reflection in modern time committed in past. <Read More>

Judicial Systems in old days

An assembly of Birotians all time established in this area called Dewan(ديوان). This assembly possessed many more authorities about social,[25] religious, political[26] and foreign affairs matters.

Social crime laws

Behr Mang (بهر منك ) (old name of Birote) always in a condition of peaceful atmosphere in all time of history. In Vedic Age the laws of society were according to Vedic Hidu teachings. If any body committed murder he would be a slave of murdered family and called him Pandi( باندي). A rope called Glanwi (كلانوي ) was tied in his neck and he never disobeyed them. The other form of penalty of murder was called Orha (اوره). Orha was a land that had been given by murderer party to deceased person’s family forever. The third form of penalty of murder was marriage of a young or sister of killer's to deceased brother or . These form also continue in modern time also.

Lawyers and Judges of Birote

  • The people of Birote felt helplessly when they appeared before judges in any Abbottabad court of law. They entered in law profession but in a very short contacts. A few lawyers of Birote practicing in Abbottabad, Rawalpindi and Karachi nowadays.
  • Mohammed Shuaib Abbasi of Basian is first lawyer who appointed as Judge from Birote at Charsadda in 2002.
  • Abdul Qayoum Qureshi of Bahk, Termuthean was first lawyer of UC Birote. He practiced in Rawalpindi from 1950 to his death in 1995. He is also first lawyer of Pakistan Supreme Court from Birote.
  • Mohammed Nawaz Abbasi of Hotrol, Birote Khurd is senior lawyer from Birote who practicing in Sindh High Court since 1972 in Karachi.
  • Mohammed Arshad Abbasi is also a senior lawyers from Naker Mojwal, Birote Khurd, practicing in Rawalpini since 1975. He has built his house near Higher Secondary School Birote now.
  • Tahir Fraz Abbasi is also a senior lawyer is practicing in Abbottabad since 1980. He was first Ex Nazim of Birote and Ex President Bar Council.
  • Sajjad Abbasi, a leader of Pakistan Peoples Party Birote, brother in law of famous Doctor Mehmod Ahmed Jadon Qadri and lawyer in Abbottabad since 1986.
  • Saeed Abbasi Saeed Ahmed Abbasi and Sajid Quresh Abbasi are also lawyers but never practiced.

Damage by earthquake

The area was affected by the 2005 Kashmir earthquake – a year after the quake an Earthquake Reconstruction & Rehabilitation Authority (ERRA) team visited Birote to resurvey damaged houses damaged by earthquake and to pay relief cheques. A five-member delegation of Circle Bakote, headed by Abdul Rehman Khan Abbasi, met with federal ministers and the constituency leader, Amanullah Khan Jadoon on 23 October 2006, about the unavailability of earthquake relief funds.[27]

In earthquake the most effected village was Abbasian,about 215 houses destroyed 8 people died and 15 ingured.First aid was sent by near village Ausia to the people of Abbasian at 19:30 pm same day.

Tribes and communities

  • There are many tribe both as Dhond Abbasi or others living and participating in local politics, commerce and development of area. The main tribes are: –
  • Mojwal, sub tribe of Dhond Abbasies are the major tribe, partly migrated to Union council Bakote in 17th century, when Karhral tribe exiled to eastward of Mokeshpuri Mountain in Gallies.
  • Qureshi tribe also existed in Basian with high religious and traditional academic qualification, including Islamic Scholars, Herbal Doctors (Hakeems), journalist and drama artists.
  • Alvi Awan (Birote) tribe is a noble micro nation of Union Council Birote with largest scholars and ulemas. They came from Qummikot Azad Kashmir on invitation of Kamlal Dhund Abbasi tribe of Birote and they started a Madrassa and a Mosque here in 1838. They are catered in all over country and play an important role in progress, dignity and prosperity of Islamic Republic of Pakistan. They adopted professions of Islamic preachers, scholars, lawyers, journalism and education.
  • Jadoon, Salarzai are living in Central Basian since 1826. Their ancestors came from Havelian and first satelled in Kahu East and then in Basian. Their fore fathers engaged in religious duties, teachers in British rule and now businessman and government employees.
  • Rajpoot and Kathwal and Kathwal of Birote tribe is in minority in this place. They are migrating to mega cities in country for better standers of life and business opportunities. Pakistan Peoples Party worker Hafiz Rajpoot son of Hasham Din Rajpoot belonged to this ancient Indian local tribe.
  • Sadat tribe is also exted in Birote. There are two branches of Sadat, one is Mashadi Seyeds and second is Bukharies. <Read More>

Public Transport in Birote with historical background

Transport running via Birote from Kashmir to Taxila, Gandhara and Central Punjab since per-history era. The northern end of Birote, Domale is a cross road of River Jhelum through centuries. It was a staying point in Asoka period to last decade of sixth century when Huns destroyed the beauty of Taxila and this city translated in to archeological site for future time. Punjab to Kashmir popular rout for traveler came in to being in start of eightenth century. Rawalpindi Sri Nager Road constructed in 1870 and first Kohala Bridge and Kanair Pull in 1871. Bull and horse curt were running at that time. First buss of Allied Chiragh Din Transport was introduced after First World War. Raja Mohammad Amin Khan, Molvi Abdur Raoof Alvi, Molvi Ghazi Awan, Molvi Ghulam Nabi Awan, Mehmood Shah, Ghulam Nabi Shah (father of Dr. Ilyas Shah) and Raja Nazar were first drivers and transporters of Birote. Pindi Murree Transport Company and Murree Hills Transport Company had monopoly in that area from 1948 to 1985. Many others transporters entered in this business and last bus of Birote is Murree Hills Bus parked at Maira, Kahoo East as a scrape or a symbol of old transport in Birote. Wagons and coasters are new means of transport in Circle Bakote. More than 150 wagons are running in between Birote and Rawalpindi route. One wagon is operating from Basian to Abbottabad from Union Council Birote. <Read More>

Facts about Union Council Birote

Mohammed Shafi Qureshi,[28] son of Contractor Amin Khan Abbasi of Khani Bagla Santhi, Birote also belonged to Union Council Birote. Mohammed Shafi Qureshi governed over Bihar and UP Indian states twice. <Read More>

Historical notes

  • Birote was a part of Bakote until 1981 when a separate Union Council was formed.
  • Birote was first mentioned in a book of a British tourist Legacy To Kashmir published in 1891 (reprint by Sang-e-Mil Publishers Lahore).
  • Birote was a part of Hazara constituency in the 1936 elections when only 7 landowners cast their votes.
  • This area was well known throughout the province for its golden apples, but now Rawalpindi supplies apples to the area.
  • Professor Ghulam Kibria Abbasi of Kahoo was the first journalist who published weekly Tarjuman Karachi as the first news-magazine of Circle Bakote.
  • Molana Abdurehman was the first Martyere of Circle Bakote who embraced martyrdom in Srinager in 1931, belonged to UC Birote.
  • The first Muslim transport company was established in 1920 by Mohammad Amin Khan which was named Allied Charaghdin Transport Company running buses between Rawalpindi & Srinager.
  • First Agitation against a teacher of Primary School Birote Azizurehman Qureshi of Thala was held in Basian in 1976.
  • First Vadic Hakim who won publicity in South Asia was Hakim Qazi Zafir-ul-Haq Alvi Chishti (born 1918; died 1997) and founder of Jadid Chishtea Dawakhana in Rawalpindi. He was personal physician of Ex-President of Pakistan General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq and renowned poet and writer of Pakistan Anthem Hafiz Jalindhri.[29] He also taught in Osia[30] High School before 1947 and his renowned people is Brigadier Taj Abbasi.
  • The first largest funeral prayer in Birote was in memoriam of Benazir Bhutto at Choorean in Kahoo Sharqi on 28 December 2007.
  • First Water Supply Scheme was built by Haji Muhammad Azam Khan in 1984 with cost of Rs. 5.8 million while second scheme was donated by Brgd (R) Musaddaq Abbasi with co-operation of Peshawer based NGO The BEST and completed in November 2009.
  • The first writer of Dhondi/Kareali language is Mohabbat Husain Awan of Lammian Larhan, wrote life history of Islamic prophet Muhammad[31] in 2006. Mr Ayaz Abbasi a civil servant presently working with ERRA discovered an old civilisation in Birote. He was the person who ever in the history of Birote discovered the remains of old Behrmang civilaztion near Dana masjad and kunair kus. He laid down the foundation of civil society volunteer social work in the area. He constructed bridal path, street pavement and established a free dispensry in the area on self-help basis. He helped out thousands of effects on their door step during the earthquake 2005
  • The HWO is the first and last registered welfare of uc Birote on 1998.

See also


10.  Mosh is derived from the word Mohyo, the original Moj Khan, forefather of Birote Khurd of the Mojwal family

13.  Tareekh e Alvi Awan by Mohammed Husain Awan, first edition 1999, pp280

14.  Weekly Hill Star Islamabad dated 21 to 27 Nov 2012. pp02

18.  General Maqsood Abbasi

23.  Weekly Hill Star Islamabad, 16 October 2012. Naeem Abbasi article about his book on page two.

External links